Land Information Systems (LIS)

A Land Information System (LIS) is a Geographic Information System for cadastral and land-use mapping, typically consisting of  an accurate, current and reliable land record cadastre and associated attributes. An LIS comprises spatial data that represent the legal boundaries of land tenure and provides a vital base layer for integration into other spatial information systems or as a standalone solution that permits users to retrieve, create, update, store, view, analyze and publish land information.gislayers

Map-based Land Information Systems deliver real benefits to a range of organisations:

  • for land owners – including estate managers, agri business cooperatives, and government authorities,
  • for natural resource use companies – including forestry, extraction and wind energy companies,
  • for local and central government requiring accurate land and building use inventories.


LIS Benefits


Reduction of Risk

By converting and holding data on land parcels, ownership, production, costs, uses, etc. in digital form, this data is safeguarded to a greater extent from loss or damage.

Enhanced Efficiency of Resource Use

Having collated existing data, and integrating that data with other data topics and layers, more useful information is produced to support decision making and tracking, which in turn supports greater efficiency in use of all land resources. For example, forestry production, land and building leasing and rental, and agribusiness planning all benefit from LIS implementation.

Analysis and Reporting

Building on the integration of relevant data, and use of key land map layers such as topography and transpoLIS Quarry extractionrt, it is possible to model and analyse scenarios of land usage, including for example:

  • minerals extraction,
  • wind turbine location,
  • forestry windthrow hazard,
  • nutrient run-off,
  • forestry and agricultural planning and harvesting, and
  • building usage and valuation.

Access to and Sharing of Information

Land Information SystemsPossibilities for sharing data and results of analyses greatly increase with access to integrated data holdings augmented by mapping information systems. Using web-based or mobile platforms, information can be widely shared and accessed while in the office, in the field or on-site. Combining the power of mapping with report creation, raw data becomes valuable information that can be delivered in accessible and interpretable form for multiple uses and users.

Building an LIS

Land Information Systems can be designed at a range of scales, from farm or building level to national level, for supporting a single or group of quarries to national inventories of land ownership, forestry, or bioenergy.

Stages in development of a Land Information Systems include the following:

Bioenergy Mapping System screenshot
Bioenergy Mapping System
  • Discussion, discovery and specification of requirements.
  • Data collation, conversion, and integration within a single database or linked databases.
  • Tools to allow automation of day-to-day common tasks within the LIS.
  • Reports in map and tabular form that can be viewed, printed, brought into spreadsheets or other corporate information systems.
  • On-going support and training to ensure optimal usage of lthe LIS.

Compass LIS Projects

Example LIS projects developed by Compass include:Bioenergy mass

  • a large land ownership and production system for peat production,
  • a forestry information system streamlining parcel management and grant applications,
  • transport, road assets, and other urban inventories for local and transport authorities, and
  • a bioenergy GIS.

For more information, download our Land Information Systems Fact Sheet.